Innovation

Paper Types

All full, developmental, workshop and symposia papers for this track are listed below.

Developmental Papers

Chinas Region OFDI And Innovation Performance Examining The Effect Of Technology Gap And Absorptive Capacity (326)

Author/sZhaoxing Wang Senmao Xia Esin Yoruk Gideon Maas

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Developmental Papers

KeywordsRegion OFDI, Innovation performance, Technology gap, Absorptive capacity

Abstract: Previous studies have been written the impact of Outward Foreign direct investment (OFDI) on innovation performance is one of the most controversial topics (Li, 2016; Luo, 2011). Studies of the OFDI show that in the process of integration of the national economy, the role of OFDI on innovation development of the host country may have a double character. OFDI is expected to generate direct effects on the host country regional innovation as well as indirect effects stemming from the increase in economy and competitiveness of local producers. The former will benefit from spillover effects arising from the establishing multinationals, through different channels or mechanisms. Moreover, most of the studies suggested that strategic asset-seeking occupied a considerable proportion of emerging economies OFDI (Gammeltoft, Pradhan and Goldstein, 2010; Luo and Tung, 2007; Mathews, 2006). Under the circumstances, it is reasonable to suppose that OFDI may have substantial influence upon the innovation performance of the domestic regions in which multinational enterprises are located.

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Tensions in University-Industry Relationship: Arbitrage for Knowledge Creating (555)

Author/sNkechinyem Omeife Conor Horan

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Developmental Papers

KeywordsTensions, Arbitrage, Dualism, Duality, Contradictions

Abstract: The paper addresses the scholarship-practice gap in University-Industry relationship by exploring the tensions in the gap. It showcases why arbitrage is employed to manage the dual hurdles of rigor and relevance tensions in academic engagement. It argues that embedded in the arbitrage of diverse interests of scholarship and practice is knowledge creating which is necessary for the innovation process. Thus, examines the processual dynamics for tensions in knowledge creating.

The paper moves away from precise contrasting views of opposition (dualism) and employs duality. It proposes a conceptual framework to analyse the tensions and inter-relatedness of scholarship and practice. Therefore, its main contribution is capturing intricacies of dynamic tensions that aid innovation.
 

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Decision-making in Platform Leadership: The Case of App Developers (574)

Author/sMahrokh Roknifard

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Developmental Papers

KeywordsOpen innovation, platform leadership, complementors, inter-firm relationships, cognitive mapping

Abstract: Lowering the R and D and operation cost, finding answers to multifaceted issues, better understanding of the market and stakeholders needs are widely seen as the drivers of adopting open platform leadership for large organisations. Academic research stresses the factors such satisfaction, quality of alternatives, trust, and commitment can play an important role in building a strong interfirm relationship among platform owner and its complementors. However, we know little of what are the beliefs complementors have in the process of developing their innovation. Based on the challenges platform ecosystems place on complementors, this study investigates app developers information processing and decision making while developing their new innovative products. The research will be carried out through individual face to face online interviews with thirty app developers of Microsoft HoloLens device.

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Understanding Social Innovation and Related Constructs (596)

Author/sShambhavi Agrawal Anubha Shekhar Sinha

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Developmental Papers

Keywordssocial innovation, systemic change, design thinking, open innovation, bricolage

Abstract: The present study addresses the need for the consolidation of the social innovation field by providing a definitional clarity to the field using the evolution and conceptualization in the past studies. The review highlights the two streams, namely agentic and structuralist perspective in which social innovation has emerged and portrays it as a business model innovation prevalent in the social sector organizations or hybrid organizations. The study captures the barriers to social innovation and proposes the future scope of social innovation by linking it to certain popular management concepts like open innovation, design thinking and bricolage which in certain ways have some overlap with the foundational elements of social innovation. Some important parts of the phenomenon of social innovation that need to be studied in order to gain better understanding of the field have also been proposed towards the end.

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Organising for Open Innovation in Innovation Ecosystems (619)

Author/sChiara Marzocchi Jillian Yeow

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Developmental Papers

KeywordsOpen Innovation, Innovation Ecosystem

Abstract: A range of factors have been eroding the logic of standalone internal R and D for several decades. Particularly, the increasing complexity of knowledge and the quest for its exploitation have favoured the ubiquitous development of networked activities Iansiti and Levien 2004 and resulted in the shift of companies innovation practices. In this framework, open innovation and innovation ecosystems have gained popularity as tools to explain and organise the understanding of an increasingly distributed and inter dependent innovation process see among others, Autio and Thomas 2014, Adner, 2017, Oh et al., 2016. In line with this literature, this work looks at how open innovation is managed within innovation ecosystems and specifically at the differences emerging between companies using OI for competition alone e.g to pursue internal strategies for market positioning and companies using OI as a cooperation or collaboration framework to engage with their innovation ecosystem e.g to create networked systems of knowledge sharing. In doing so, we use interview data from a sample of 137 UK and IE companies and apply Qualitative Comparative Analysis QCA techniques to understand mechanisms and processes of firms activities associated to their inbound and outbound practices of open innovation and how such practices are used to establish a position in their innovation ecosystem.

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Crowdfunding for Entrepreneurs: A Review, Critique and Research Agenda (699)

Author/sMansi Jain Gagan Deep Sharma Mrinalini Srivastava

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Developmental Papers

KeywordsCrowdfunding, Innovation, Integrative Framework, Social Entrepreneurship

Abstract: Crowdfunding refers to small amounts of investments collected from the public to finance the development of goods and services (Moon and Hwang, 2018). It is steadily gaining popularity as an alternative to the traditional form of raising funds, primarily due to the online nature of this industry (Gedda et al., 2016). Over the years, academics explored this topic, both empirically and theoretically, however, this study presents an integrative framework incorporating the important and renewed research gaps, with an explicit focus on the upcoming research avenues, through the descriptive findings and thematic discussions. The literature is searched from the Web of Science database using Boolean criteria. The proposed framework shall provide a roadmap for further research and enable practitioners and policy makers to formulate more informed decisions and support crowdfunding as an emerging market choice for entrepreneurs and fund providers.

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Re examining the Technology Acceptance Model from stakeholders management perspective in health sector (993)

Author/sXinwen Zhang Xue Zhou Esin Yoruk

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Developmental Papers

Keywords: N/A

Abstract: Limited implementation and low acceptance of health technologies are the common issues in National Health Service (NHS), which impacts on the efficiency of organization and quality of the service. Previous research focused on the development and evaluation of models that could help predict the technology adoption and improve the usage of the technology in NHS. Technology Acceptance Models (TAMs) are intensively researched in the last 30 years to solve the above issues. However, there is still a need for exploring the additional and overlooked factors that impact on the acceptance of health technologies in NHS. This paper explores the literature and compares the limitations and impracticality of the existing TAM in the healthcare sector. As a result, the paper contributes TAM literature by developing an enhanced TAM that integrates TAM and stakeholder management approach, which provides a more comprehensive approach to predict the actual use of health technologies in the NHS.

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User-Executives And Innovation Decision In The Sports Industry (1135)

Author/sYu-Ru Ke Yen-Chen Ho

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Developmental Papers

Keywordsuser innovation, top management team, the sports industry

Abstract: In this research proposal, we focus the sports industry to add to this literature given the several features of the industry. First, the levels of participation and professionalism in sports are ranged widely from daily exercises to school teams and professional leagues. User innovation in the sports industry may, therefore, arise from both selective professional users and a wide base of casual users. This also implies that innovation in the sports industry will also affect most peoples healthy living as well as the performance of elite players in professional games. Second, sports activities often take place among people in groups or teams. Within and between these groups and teams, sports enthusiasts often take a leading role to promote the sport, including the techniques and latest sports equipment to the fellow group members. Lastly, the economic and innovative potential of the extended sports industry is non negligible. While sports products innovation remains intensive and competitive among major brands, the scope has expanded to the provision of various services e.g, gym, coaching, etc, sports data processing as well as the latest wearable devices technologies.

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The Craft In Stagecraft: Implications for Organising and Digital Technology Adoption (1154)

Author/sJonathan Sapsed Christina Vasiliou

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Developmental Papers

Keywords: N/A

Abstract: The relationship between material technologies and the organisation needed to use them has tantalised practitioners and fascinated theorists. This paper shows the craft-orientation of theatre performance production, analysing how a show is made through organisation, and how this craft sensibility affects the propensity to adopt new digital technologies amidst increasing pressures to do so from arts funding organisations. Using a novel process-mapping method not before applied to the cultural sector, the paper reveals how the many roles of theatre production including Directors, Set Design, Production Management, and specialist functions like sound, light and wardrobe integrate their work using traditional boundary objects and largely craft practices. The paper argues that this craft sensibility together with scepticism for mediated communication partially explains the apparent reticence of Performance Arts organisations to adopt digital technologies. Any initiative to encourage adoption needs to recognise these practices and values.

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Latecomer Countries in the Age of Digitalization: Case of Russian Manufacturing (1158)

Author/sJulia Turovets

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Developmental Papers

Keywords: N/A

Abstract: Digital technologies play an increasingly important role in the economy, since they contribute to productivity gains and economic development in a longstanding perspective. In this regard, there is a growing attention to manufacturing industries. Alongside with numerous studies on developed countries, there is a lack of research dedicated to technology upgrading in latecomer countries, especially in Russia. Russia set an ambitious goal to build digital economy. There is active policy to achieve this goal, which will also affect production industries.The purpose of the paper is to assess technological possibilities of the Russian manufacturing to integrate emerging digital technologies and, hence, provide structural upgrading. We focus mainly on machine building industries, taken together with the ICT sector. In this regard, the authors examine catch up strategies of the countries in two sectors, firms characteristics and policy mechanisms. For this, China and South Korea cases were analyzed as remarkable examples of successful catch up in manufacturing, as well as in the area of information and communication technologies. Based on the results, we provide recommendations for policymakers operating in digital economy, which could be relevant for latecomers countries.

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Open Innovation Readiness for SMEs: Assessment Methodology (1183)

Author/sAline Figlioli Jose Christian George Tsekouras Pari Patel Despina Kanellou Ekaterina Albats Daria Podemetina

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Developmental Papers

Keywords: N/A

Abstract: Key performance indicators (KPIs) for SMEs have been often overlooked by the Open Innovation (OI) literature. This study aims to fill this gap by developing an open innovation readiness assessment tool with a set of KPIs, to help SMEs evaluate their current OI capabilities in order to identify areas of improvement. The KPIs identified in this study are based on best practices and critical issues found in 120 case studies across 6 European regions: Eastern Europe, France and Germany, Scandinavia, Small Developed Countries, Southern Europe, and UK & Ireland. These KPIs have been used to create an assessment tool that will allow SMEs to determine where and how they can develop strategic collaborations to strengthen their competitive advantage.
 

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Developing Innovation Routines in Social Enterprises: Evidence from a Multi-Activity Support Programme (1199)

Author/sNick Marshall George Tsekouras

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Developmental Papers

Keywords: N/A

Abstract: This paper explores the role of support programmes in helping social enterprises (SEs) to develop innovation routines and capabilities. In doing so, it aims to contribute to addressing the lack of attention currently paid to the management of innovation in the social enterprise literature. It is based on evidence collected from a multi-activity support programme that was part of a major cross-regional European-funded project. This programme involved the participation of 75 SEs in a range of activities, including one-to-one coaching, specialist training, international visits, access to online resources and networks, and peer-based action learning. The main aim of the paper is to explore the varying implications of these different interventions for the development and/or transformation of innovation routines among the participating SEs. Distinguishing between agency-based, network-based, and informational forms of support, we argue that the disruptive or transformative capacity of each is different depending on the configuration of existing routines and capabilities, and the nature of the support interventions themselves.

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Full Papers

Sustainable Innovation From Policy Intervention to Stakeholder Coalition (141)

Author/sMichael Zhang

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

Keywordssustainable innovation, sectoral system of innovation, intermediate user-led innovation, policy intervention, stakeholder coalition

Abstract: In this paper I compare two alternative models of innovation. One focuses on technological innovation and the other on sustainable innovation. In the automotive industry, technological innovation to reduce CO2 emissions has been primarily driven by policy interventions as exogenous forces. An alternative approach to innovation to reduce CO2 emissions and urban congestion is taking place in the transport sector. This kind of sustainable innovation is motivated by stakeholder coalition and sustainable entrepreneurship, which are a combination of both exogenous and endogenous forces to firms innovation. Considering the relative efficiency of innovation development by product producers vs product users Hienerth, von Hippel and Jensen, 2014, I contend that stakeholder coalition model is more effective and efficient than policy intervention model in stimulating firms technological innovation. I use both model delineation and preliminary data analysis to support my propositions.

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Developing Innovation Strategies and Capabilities through Institutional Interactions: A Longitudinal Study of China's Telecommunications Industry (235)

Author/sQiang Wu Qile He Nicholas O Regan Abby Ghobadian

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

KeywordsInnovation Capabilities, Innovation Strategies, Institutional Transition, Institutional Interactions

Abstract: How do firms develop innovation strategies and capabilities during fundamental institutional transitions To answer this question, this paper develops a theoretical framework which combines both strategy based and dynamic capability based perspectives. A longitudinal multiple case study of Chinas telecommunications industry was conducted to verify the framework. This study offers an integrated perspective to investigate the complex and dynamic institutional interactions through which firms develop their own strategies for innovation capabilities. The comparative setting of the study between different company ownership structures in this case, Stated Owned Enterprises SOEs and private companies identifies the strategic importance of corporate governance structure and entrepreneurial decisions in shaping innovation strategies and capabilities of firms. The finding of the study also justify that firms sustained competitive advantage in institutional transitions depends more on what we referred to as the dynamic alignment of their innovation capabilities.

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Ambidexterity as a Dynamic Capability: A New Perspective. (245)

Author/sJuan Pablo Escorcia-Caballero Maria D. Moreno-Luzon Odette Chams-Anturi

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

KeywordsAmbidexterity, dynamic capabilities, innovation, learning.

Abstract: Since the dynamic capabilities perspective has been suggested as the most suitable framework to understand organizational ambidexterity, this paper uses a contingency approach to analyze ambidexterity as a dynamic capability. Based on previous research, we propose that exploitation, exploration and ambidexterity are dynamic capabilities on different levels, and we discuss their suitability and modes of adaptation (sequential, contextual, structural, leadership-based, and alliance-based) in stable, dynamic, and hyper-dynamic business environments. This paper contributes to the research on ambidexterity by shedding additional light on the multi-level nature of essential capabilities to achieve dynamic ambidexterity and the role of business environments in this process. We conclude by showing how the proposed framework offers opportunities for new streams of research in the ambidexterity field.

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The Challenges of Innovation Leadership: Qualitative Evidence from Jordanian Public Sector Context (459)

Author/sShaker Ahmad Aladwan

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

Keywordsinnovation, Leadership, Innovation Awards, Public sector, Jordan

Abstract: This paper aims to explore the reality, drivers, and barriers of innovation in the Jordanian public sector organisations. Qualitative approach was adopted and content analysis was used to analyse the 17 assessment reports which are extracted from public innovation award in Jordan. Several challenges that face the innovation leadership in the Jordanian public sector organisations. Managerially, the challenges include lack of innovation vision, implementation lack of innovation core values, strategic planning for innovation, bad bureaucracy culture, excessive centralisation. Technically, the challenges include lack of task assignment for employees, lack of resources, lack in innovation training programs or courses and lack of knowledge sharing. In terms of originality and value, most of studies focused on the innovation in the non-public sector organisations and most of them conducted in the American and Western countries which are different in terms of culture, kinds of innovation, barriers and drivers.

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Causes of the Global Productivity and Innovation slowdown: Revisiting the role of Managerial Research (464)

Author/sChris William Callaghan

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

KeywordsInnovation, knowledge theory development and practice, Solow paradox, global productivity slowdown

Abstract: Scholarly literature acknowledges that the world is facing an ongoing global productivity growth slowdown. This slowdown has continued, however, amidst predictions that technological advances herald an age of rapid productivity growth. Productivity growth promised by technological advances has however largely failed to materialise, recalling the Solow paradox. Some argue that the slowdown in global productivity growth reflects a paradox, in itself. We advance a polemic, challenging certain widely held assumptions about the primary causes of the global productivity slowdown. In so doing, we seek, and find, support for our arguments that certain of its structural causes relate specifically to problems well suited to the problem-solving capabilities of management theory and practice, with important societal implications. On the basis of a synthesis of the literature, implications are derived and suggestions made for how to contribute to efforts to mitigate it.

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Innovation Search and the Role of Innovation Intermediaries (479)

Author/sJeremy Richard Howells Elisa Thomas

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

Keywordsinnovation intermediaries, innovation search, knowledge

Abstract: This paper focuses on innovation search activities of firms and how innovation intermediaries support this process. The paper is based on original case study research covering a range of firms and organisations and the innovation intermediaries facilitating the search process. The research discovered that innovation search activity is a much more extended and complex process than previously conceptualised and involves a set of search phases, which are associated with a loosely coupled iterative process. The research presents a new and original typology of these broad search functions and presents new frameworks under which innovation intermediaries operate under conditions open, collaborative innovation networks that have both theoretical and managerial implications. It was found that most search activities were not restricted to a narrow search process but were spread across several interlinked stages. Lastly, intermediaries were found to be undertaking new, more extended roles in the search process.

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Differences in Institutional Ownership Structure across Countries: How Institutional Environment Influences the Impact of Institutional Investors on Innovation (556)

Author/sIrina Kirilova Stoyneva Vadake K Narayanan

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

Keywordsinnovation, institutional ownership, institutional environment, institutional investors, rule of law

Abstract: The impact of different institutional investor types and two institutional environment dimensions on innovation investment and performance were studied. Professional investment fund ownership was positively related to investment in innovation while negatively related to innovation performance. Pension fund equity exhibited no direct relationship with both innovation investment and innovation performance. Executive ownership was positively related to the innovation investment but unrelated to innovation performance. Results further suggest that the impact of professional investment fund ownership on innovation investment and innovation performance is contingent upon the degree of minority investor protection and the strength of the rule of law.

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Systematic Literature Review of Triple Helix Model and its Implications for Peshawar, Pakistan (590)

Author/sRomy Khan Sajjad Khan

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

KeywordsTriple Helix, systematic Literature Review, Implications for Peshawar, Thematic Areas, General discussion

Abstract

The main concern of this research was to check the practical implications of Triple Helix in Peshawar, Pakistan, which is a developing country and this model has not been tested in the Peshawar region. In order to check the implications for Peshawar, I intended to empirically explore how the Triple Helix model has been applied worldwide and what the results are. Results of these articles can then enable a conclusion to be drawn on how to implement the Triple Helix model in Peshawar. For this purpose, seventy-two papers were chosen for the review. However, topics and findings of these research articles were so overlapping that themes could not be drawn easily. Finally, four themes were derived from 62 articles while 11 articles were chosen for general discussion that can guide developing regions for adopting the Triple Helix model

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Putting Public Sector Innovation Typology in Context (654)

Author/sEmre Cinar Paul Trott Chris Simms

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

Keywords: N/A

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyse the role of context in public sector innovation typology. Whilst there has been a growing literature in the area, NPM as a conceptual context and US, EU, Australia as factual contexts have dominated the scene. This leads to an unclear picture of the contextualities of PSI typology. We studied 99 innovations from Italy, Turkey, Japan through qualitative and quantitative content analysis to understand the role of factual context in innovation typology.

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Technology, Innovation and Sustainability in the Amazon Region: A Systematic Literature Review (673)

Author/sFlavio Hourneaux Jr Cristiana Lara-Cunha Gleriani Ferreira Patricia Taeko Kaetsu Ticiana De Vincenzi

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

KeywordsTechnology &, Innovation, Sustainability, Amazon region

Abstract: The development of Technology and Innovation (T&I) presents a significant relevance in poverty or isolated areas such as the Amazonian territory due to its potential to boost socio-economic development. Therefore, this study aims to bridge the literature on T&I and the sustainability perspective regarding the Amazon region. By using the Systematic Literature Review (SLR) method, we analyse a final sample of 172 papers published in 118 journals from 1992 to 2018. The bibliometric analysis covers the year and journals distribution and the most cited articles in the data analysis. Through the content analysis, we identify the main aspects of Technology and Innovation for Sustainability (T&IforS) as being types of innovation, external drivers and innovation barriers. The main findings include the identification of (a) the main themes of T&IforS studies, (b) the trends in T&IforS research, and (c) a T&IforS studies map. As a limitation, this study embraces a broad spectrum of the literature subjects. Consequently, it was possible to offer only a general overview of these subjects. At the same time, this wide-ranging and intentional approach leads to an integrative picture of T&I in a complex phenomenon as the sustainability for the Amazon region.

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The Fifth Industrial Revolution? A Provocative Description of a Novel Phenomenon (676)

Author/sChris William Callaghan

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

KeywordsInnovation, Management theory development, R&, D, global productivity growth slowdown, globalisation, catastrophic societal risk

Abstract: This paper seeks to highlight the consequences of a threshold limitation associated with what has been described as the burden of knowledge effect. This threshold limitation is seemingly evident in contemporary evidence of a global slowdown in productivity growth, a global decline in research and R and D productivity, and an apparent retreat from globalisation, particularly in the US and across Europe. Longstanding theory that predicts this threshold limitation is revisited, and its consequences are discussed, specifically those related to the dangers of technologically enabled geopolitical conflict, technological displacement of human labour, and the perils of a failure to focus sufficient attention on mitigating the burden of knowledge effect. Arguments are made explicit through the derivation of theoretical propositions. A mechanism is identified, which we suggest might ultimately mitigate, or even reverse, the burden of knowledge effect. In keeping with literature on productivity revolutions, and particularly the fourth industrial revolution, the productivity effects of which are yet to be seen in factor productivity statistics, we suggest that the potential of this mechanism for productivity enhancement might appropriately be termed the advent of the era of the fifth industrial revolution. The objective of the paper is therefore to provoke novel thinking around certain important issues related to socioeconomic consequences of abdicating the responsibility for societally important research. We suggest that a failure to radically increase our effective global research capabilities immediately might ultimately be catastrophic.

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Knowledge-Intensive Services In Academic Engagement And Commercialisation (679)

Author/sHsing-fen Lee Marcela Miozzo

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

KeywordsKIBS, academic, inter-organisational relations, proximity

Abstract: Drawing on data from an original survey and theories on proximities in inter-organisational learning and types of knowledge, we explore the nature of the relations between KIBS firms and academics in formal research collaboration and in academic spin-offs. We assess how different mechanisms are used to integrate knowledge in these relations. We confirm the importance of social proximity in inter-organisational relations and uncover the specific roles of cognitive proximity in research collaboration and organisational proximity in the setting up of academic spin-offs. The paper builds on and extends the debate on proximities and inter-organisational relations. We show that proximities differ in different types of inter-organisational relations and in different levels of knowledge integration.

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The Interdependence of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Organisational Learning in Explaining New Product Performance: A Configurational Approach (696)

Author/sShuangfa Huang David Pickernell Martina Battisti

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

Keywordsentrepreneurial orientation, exploration, exploitation, fsQCA

Abstract: This study examines how entrepreneurial orientation interacts with organisational learning to affect new product performance. Based on a configurational perspective using fuzzy set qualitative comparative analyses (fsQCA), it explores the combinations of entrepreneurial activities (i.e., innovativeness, risk-taking, and proactiveness) and organisational learning activities (i.e., exploration and exploitation) that are conducive to high new product performance within small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Using data from 110 UK SMEs, it was found that while innovativeness, risk-taking, and proactiveness can be elements for high product performance, none of them is a necessary or sufficient condition on its own. Similarly, neither exploration nor exploitation is a necessary or sufficient condition for high product performance. The results demonstrate that the presence of high product performance requires a combination of entrepreneurial and organisational learning activities, implying that they complement each other to impact new product performance. Furthermore, the configurations for high product performance vary according to different contextual factors in terms of market turbulence and firm size. The present study contributes to the literature by uncovering the interdependence of entrepreneurial orientation and organisational learning in affecting new product performance. It also offers useful guidelines for practitioners on how to configure bundles of entrepreneurial and organisational learning activities for better new product performance.

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Open Innovation: Restoring the Capability Proximity (810)

Author/sSteven Hutton Robert Demir Stephen Eldridge

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

KeywordsOpen Innovation, Dynamic Capabilities, Strategy, Resource Based View, Knowledge Transfer

Abstract: Our research examines how open innovation can contribute to the firms dynamic capabilities, by helping to restore a focal firms capability proximity with it's environment. Through the application of an in depth multiple case approach examining the NPD process in a UK manufacturing SME, we were able to establish the relationship between OI and the firms dynamic capabilities. We contribute to existing literature on open innovation and dynamic capabilities by revealing some of the underlying mechanisms that affect knowledge transfer when engaging in open innovation. This includes factors such as resource expenditure, risk and reward. Furthermore, we found externally accessed tacit knowledge provided a more significant contribution to a radical NPD project, and combining tacit knowledge from multiple sources can be used to overcome more complex issues during the process of development.

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The Role of Customer Co-Creation at the Fuzzy Front-End: A Systematic Review of the Literature (823)

Author/sKevin Reuther Christian-Andreas Schumann Kristin Seidel

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

KeywordsCustomer Co-Creation, Fuzzy Front-End, Value Co-Creation, Open Innovation, Crowdsourcing

Abstract: This paper aims to provide a first overview of the scientific literature on customer co-creation (CCC) at an early phase of innovation processes that is referred to as the fuzzy front-end (FFE). CCC refers to the integration of customers in innovation activities and is also described as the active integration of customers in the open innovation process. The FFE is characterised by three stages that could be described as 1) discovering new opportunities, 2) assessing these opportunities and 3) turning promising opportunities into a business case. This paper therefore explores CCC as a tool or element of the FFE within the framework of the open innovation process for the active integration of customers in order to generate new creative ideas or concepts. At present, there appear to be only a few scientific articles that research the relation of CCC and the FFE in detail. Therefore, this paper aims to systematically analyse the literature to identify previous work that studied CCC as an element of the FFE, provide a synthesis and critical discussion and identify areas of future research.

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Relationship between Standards and Performance of Innovative Projects: A Systematic Review (903)

Author/sAnupam Dey Paul W Chan Obuks A Ejohwomu

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

Keywordsstandard(s), innovation, project, performance, systematic review

Abstract: Although there has been a long standing interest in examining the interplay between standard and innovation in a project context, consensus is lacking on how standard influence the performance of innovative projects. In this paper, we present results from a systematic review of 58 empirical studies on the relationship between standard and performance in innovative projects. The findings show that, in a project environment where performance of an innovation is being investigated authors take three key positions towards standard advocative, ambivalent and adversarial, where the advocating position is dominant. The results also indicate that performance has been rarely problematized by scholars in relation to standard in innovative projects rather, conventional performance indicators are mostly used to comprehend the impact of standard. The conclusions suggest that there is a need for a more nuanced understanding of standard and their relationship with performance of innovative projects by the means of studying the relationship more dynamically and longitudinally.

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Exaptation And Ecosystem Entry: The Case of 3D Printing (955)

Author/sAhmad Beltagui Ainurul Rosli Marina Candi

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

KeywordsExaptation, Eosystem, 3D Printing, Modularity, Digital Innovation

Abstract: Innovations are increasingly referred to using terms such as digital, disruptive and ecosystems. A case in point is 3D Printing, a set of manufacturing technologies that combine digital data with physical production. An ecosystem of interdependent companies has grown in support of these technologies, increasing the perceived potential to disrupt established firms and industries. Questions remain over how such ecosystems form and, particularly, how firms can enter into them. To address these questions, we examine the 3D Printing ecosystem and apply the lens of exaptation to understand the entry of firms into a newly forming ecosystem. Exaptation, a term originating from evolutionary biology, refers to the repurposing of technologies for novel functions. This research contributes to knowledge by showing that this functional shift can also be the basis for ecosystem entry. It argues that ecosystems take on a life of their own, resisting centralised control, and identifies five trajectories whereby exaptation allows firms to co-opt their existing capabilities to take a role within the new ecosystem: re-casting, re-packaging, re-integrating, re-inventing, re-designing.

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Challenges and Opportunities of Healthcare digitalization. Comparative analysis of patients perception in Lithuania and Turkey (964)

Author/sSandra Trinkuniene Benson Nwaorgu Jurgita Kiskioniene Asta Pundziene

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

Keywordsdigital healthcare services, comparative analysis, case study, added value

Abstract: Patients as end users of innovative healthcare solutions are the main value beneficiaries of disruptive digital technologies. Recent research has already confirmed that patients inclusion in healthcare decision making processes can make a significant contribution to healthcare outcomes. The aim of this paper is to assess patient perception of the added value of digitalization of healthcare services in Lithuania and Turkey. To assess the challenges and opportunities of healthcare digitalization, desk research was carried out. Eight cases were analyzed and results were divided and evaluated based on five main indicators, current knowledge on adoption of digital healthcare services, advantages and disadvantages of digital healthcare services, barriers and motivators to adoption of digital healthcare services, competencies and resources needed for digital healthcare services, and added value of digital healthcare services.

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The Benefits of Design Selection Bias in the Interplay Between Product Modification and Customer Feedback (984)

Author/sMercedes Bleda Adrien Querbes Mark Healey

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

Keywords: N/A

Abstract: The way designers solve problems at the final stages of the product design process has received little attention in the extant literature. Existing work has mostly focused on the influence of designers creativity, however, the role of non creativity related mechanisms operating at these stages is still not well understood. We contribute to this work by analysing the influence of motivational factors in non creative tasks at the later stages of a design process. Drawing on regulatory focus theory we examine how designers motivations promotion focus vs prevention focus influence the effectiveness of late design decisions after the first commercialization of a product. We use a simulation model that represents design as a complex problem solving task in which designers try to improve an existing product by making design modifications based on customers feedback on product attributes. As postulated by regulatory focus theory, promotion focused and prevention focused designers use different strategies to search for solutions, and solve the design problem in different ways. We find that for complex design tasks, in which valenced customer feedback act as situational factors that bias designers decisions, promotion focused design strategies find better performing solutions than prevention focused ones.

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A Systematic Literature Review Of Organizational Innovation A Cluster Based Perspective (1005)

Author/sRoslan Bakri Zakaria

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

Keywordsorganizatoinal innovation

Abstract: This is a systematic review of organizational innovation to propose a potential new concept of what organizational innovation is using the cluster based approach to analyze the data obtained. This papers main research question, what is organizational innovation The result of the review also gave light to a different perspective of organizational innovations aspects and how the aspects is inter related to one another in both clusters based and individual based. Some thoughts on potential future areas of study was recommend as well as the identification of limitations of this research.

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Persistence of Open Innovation: An Organizational Learning Approach (1021)

Author/sHamdy Abdelaty

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

KeywordsOPEN INNOVATION, Organizational Learning, longitudinal

Abstract: little is known about the dynamic of open innovation over time due to the shortage of studies based on longitudinal data. We address this gap from the lens of organizational learning theory. Firstly, do firms move to adopt more open innovation strategy through time, secondly does practising open innovation strategy at year t stimulate adopting open innovation strategy at year . Our analysis based on panel data of 5699 German enterprises that participated in five waves of German CIS between 2007 and 2015. Results support Chesbroughs paradigm shift towards more open innovation strategy particularly after 2009. This occurred as a reverberation of the global financial crises in 2008 that pushed firms to search for more collaborative innovation to reduce the related risk and to rejuvenate their business. Results also assure that practising an open innovation strategy in the past induce and determine the persistence of openness at the presence.

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Does Imitation Pay Off? An Analysis of Imitations in a Less Developed Economy (1129)

Author/sHenrique Machado Barros Marcio de Paula

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

Keywords: N/A

Abstract: Innovation has been systematically studied in academia. Yet, little is known about the effects of firms imitative behaviour. Although the recent academic literature has become more interested in this phenomenon, the power of imitation has been largely underestimated. This is particularly relevant because much of the value created by innovators is captured by imitators. This paper seeks to advance our knowledge about imitation by analysing the market performance of imitations of 86 technologies developed in the pharmaceutical sector and introduced up to 52 years after the entry of their corresponding innovation. Based on estimations of 4-year panel probit models, this study examines how imitations time of entry influences its performance vis a vis innovation and whether the nature of the imitation has any impact on imitation performance. Our findings confirm that late entry impairs the market performance of imitations, but that this effect also depends on the nature of imitations.

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Open Innovation in a ChineseSME: the creation of the GB Drone (1243)

Author/sMing Dong Steve Flowers

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Full Papers

Keywords: N/A

Abstract: Open innovation has been widely examined by scholars in order to explore the value of internal and external sources of ideas, resources and capabilities. There have been many studies on this topic in larger organisations, but small and medium sized firms (SMEs) remain relatively under-researched. Further, with the bulk of existing studies of Open Innovation focusing on Western firms, there is a particular lack of academic understanding of the Chinese context. As a result, less attention has been given to Chinese SMEs and little is known about how such firms seek to implement Open Innovation. In order to address these gaps in our understanding this paper examines how Open Innovation was implemented within a traditional Chinese SME. Exploration of the processes, resources, arrangements and capabilities throughout the project lifecycle provides insights on the search and management of external and internal ideas and capabilities for innovation in this context. These insights contribute to the larger research agenda on the management of research and development in a more open environment.

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Symposia

The Strategic Value of Technology-Enabled Innovation: A Multi-Disciplinary Overview (303)

Author/sIvano Bongiovanni Dong-hyu Kim

Track: Innovation

Paper Type: Symposia

KeywordsInnovation, technology, information systems, strategic management.

Abstract: This symposium will nurture an interactive, academic-oriented, and practice-informed debate around the strategic value that technology-enabled innovation has in modern organisations. Tapping into different disciplines in business research (namely, management, marketing, and information systems), this symposium will present research on road-mapping for technological innovation, natural experiments in innovation management, digital marketing as a source of innovation and transformative value of modern information security management. By attending this symposium, participants will expand their comprehension of the opportunities that technology-enabled innovation offers and lay the foundations to establish multi-disciplinary collaboration on this topic. Strongly grounded in practical cases, the research presented in this symposium will be greatly informative to practitioners interested in better understanding the dynamics that govern innovation management.

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